Technotes & Papers / Applications of Piezo / Micro- / Nanopositioning Technology
PI Precision Nanopositioning & Micropositioning Solutions have helped customers in many industrial fields and research laboratories to achieve higher precision faster. Download the papers below or request a catalog for more information on our products.
Piezoelectic Motors & Actuators (PI Presentations & Papers: ACTUATOR 2006 Conference in Bremen)
HTML NANOPOSITIONING: Long-travel piezomotors ‘reboot’ the motion-control toolbox.
PDF Nanometer Precise Hybrid Actuator in Positioning Mechanism with long Travel Range. Nanotechnology requires extreme high resolution and accuracy and at the same time long travel range. Improvement in accuracy can be achieved with mechatronic design principals and integration of piezo technology in the system design
PDF New Linear Ultrasonic Micromotor for Precision Mechatronic Systems This paper presents a new design for a low-cost, miniature linear ultrasonic for precision positioning developed by Physik Instrumente (PI).
PDF Piezo-Based, Long-Travel Actuators For Special Environmental Conditions. New developments in the semiconductor industry and in the research areas of materials and life sciences are leading to greater and greater need for nanopositioning devices. Many applications like semiconductor testing require devices for UHV, helium atmospheres and with no magnetic materials.
PDF Poster: Nanometer Precise Hybrid Actuator in Positioning Mechanism with long Travel Range
PDF Poster: New Linear Ultrasonic Micromotor for Precision Mechatronic Systems
PDF Poster: Test Stand for Analyzing New Types of High-Performance Ultrasonic Piezomotor Drives
PDF Poster: Long-Life, Long-Travel Precision Piezo Actuators for Applications in Vacuum, High-Magnetic Fields, Radiation, Cryogenic Environments
PDF Power Point Presentation: New Linear Ultrasonic Micromotor for Precision Mechatronic Systems
PDF Survey of the Various Operating Principles of Ultrasonic Piezomotors Piezoelectric ultrasonic motors have been known for more than 30 years. In recent years especially, a large number of different designs have been developed, both for rotation and linear drives. Definition of piezoelectric ultrasonic motors and classification of their different operating principles.
PICMA® High Performance Long Life Piezoelectric Actuators
PDF White Paper: Reliability and Lifetime Tests of Multilayer Piezo Actuators
PDF Extreme Piezo Lifetime Test Report Dr. Bosotti, of the University of Milano, Italy, has devised a test setup to provide data equivalent to 10 years of continous operation in ILC cavities.
PDF Properties of PZT Multilayer Actuators This paper presents investigations of actuator characteristics and some life time tests.
PDF A study on the Reliability of Piezoelectric Mulilayer Actuators
Nanopositioning & Micropositioning Technology
PDF HTML Nanopositioning: how to make the right choices The range of nanopositioning solutions on the market is broader than ever before as applications continue to drive the technology.
PDF HTML Keeping Pace: Nanopositioning has enjoyed a blistering rate of innovation, both in new technologies and in rapidly advancing applications. The available array of powerful new technologies is good news for customers, but close partnership between engineer and vendor has never been more important.
PDF Patented New Technology Provides Enhanced Positioning Resolution. A newly patented technology adds up to 10 bits of resolution to virtually any OEM DAC and popular PC analog I/O boards without hardware modifications and with full compatibility with legacy software.
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Piezoelectric Technology Eases Navigation in the Nanoworld. Comparison of Piezo Actuators, Ultrasonic Piezomotors, PiezoWalk Drives® and Flexure Guided Nanopositioning Stages.From Laser Focus World, June 2005.
PDF NEXLINE® High Force, High Resolution, Long Travel Linear Actuators / Positioning Systems Featuring Picometer Resolution and Millimeters of Travel From SEMI Technology Innovation Showcase (TIS) 2005
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Nanopositioning: Fighting the Myths. From optics.org, OLE (Opto Laser Europe), November 2004
HTML A microgripper using piezoelectric actuation for micro-object manipulation-S.K. Naha and Z.W. Zhong School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, SingaporeUsing a P-842.40 PI Preloaded Low Voltage Piezo Actuator with PICMA high performance PZT ceramics in a flexure amplifier to achieve motion of 170 µm and very high precision.
PDF Nanoengines Open up New Nanotechnology Applications Breakthrough in Multilayer Piezoactuator Technology.From EuroPhotonics, Feb/March 2003 issue. (345 KB PDF)
PDF Eliminating Vibration in the Nano-Worldfrom Photonics Spectra, July 2002. (988 KB PDF)
PDF Why Nanopositioning is not as simple as 1-2-3. (PDF)
PDF Piezo Tutorial: Nanopositioning with Piezoelectrics
PDF Extreme Life Time Tests for PICMA® Piezo ActuatorsDr. Bosotti, of the University of Milano, Italy, has devised a test setup to provide data equivalent to 10 years of continous operation in ILC cavities.
PDF Using PI DC-Servo Precision Micropositioning Stages & Actuators with National Instruments Controllers. The PI C-809.40 servo amplifier / interface allows for easy adaptation.
PDF Advances in Piezoelectric Nanopositioning Technology From Proceedings of the 2003 IEEE/ASME International Conference on Advanced Intelligent Mechatronics (AIM 2003) in Kobe, Japan. The paper describes the advances of piezoelectric actuation and nanopositioning technology.
Biotech, Microscopy
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Design considerations for micro- and nanopositioning: leveraging the latest for biophysical applications. Compares stability of ceramic-motor driven stages to leadscrew and micrometer driven microscopy stages. Curr Pharm Biotechnol. 2009 Aug;10(5):515-21
PDF Stabilization of an optical microscope to 0.1 nm in three dimensions. Ashley R. Carter, Gavin M. King, Thomas T. Perkins et al, JILA, University of Colorado and National Institute of Standards and Technology, Boulder, Co. Features a P-517 Closed-Loop XYZ Piezo Stage and an E-710.P3D high-speed digital piezo controller.
HTML UVA Researchers Have an Ear for Fine Motion Control. Piezo actuators and nano-positioning devices help unlock the secrets of human hearing. From Design News, Oct. 2007 issue, p. 71.
More Info Confocal ratiometric imaging reveals reason for poor chromatography separations. A high resolution XY flexure nanopostitioning stage and a PIFOC® objective stepper are employed to ensure that the spatial resolution of the images was determined by optics and not by stage movement.Read full article in Biophotonics International, Oct. 2007 issue, p. 14, or request more information.
PDF In vitro models to study compressive strain-induced muscle cell damage Carlijn V.C. Bouten et al. , Department of Biomedical Engineering and Department of Mechanical Engineering, Eindhoven University of Technology, PO Box 513, 5600 MB Eindhoven, The Netherlands. Features a P-611 NanoCube® XYZ Piezo Nanopositioning System
PDF Design of an Optical Tweezers System for Various Single-Molecule Experiments Features a PI P-517.3cl XYZ Piezo Stage to mount the microscope sample and an E-710 digital piezo controller for advanced multi-axis nano motion control.
PDF Optical Traps Enter New Era of Nanomanipulation Stage design, advanced speed- and resolution-enhancing technologies enable new applications for optical traps. From Biophotonics International, Feb. 2006 (740 KB PDF)
More Info Two-Photon Microscopy with High-Speed Z-Stack Acquisition Drive to Study How T Cells Prevent Autoimmunity. Read full article in Biophotonics International, Mar. 2006 issue, p. 50, or request more information. The system utilizes a PI
P-721.10 PIFOC®
and E-662.LR controller to achieve fast "settling times of ~10msec". Developed by UMass Medical,
UC-Irvine
, and UC-SF.
More Info Polarized Raman Confocal Microscopy Maps Nanowires A PI nanopositioning scanning stage was used to show that polarized Raman confocal microscopy can help to determine physical characteristics of GaN nanowires.Read full article in Photonics Spectra, Feb. 2006 issue, p. 125, or request more information.
PDF Nanopositioning Stage Pulls Piconewtons in Molecular Stretching ApplicationThe Fernandez Lab, at Columbia Universtity, NY, uses PicoCube® stages in single molecule research. From EuroPhotonics, Jan . 2005. (314 KB PDF)
PDF Control Technology Helps Reduce Errors in High-Speed Scanning Applications. Reprint from 2004 issue of Biophotonics International. (1.4 MB PDF)
PDF Development of an optical tweezer combined with micromanipulation for DNA and protein nanobioscience (260 KB PDF file). Features P-500 series XYZ PZT nanopositioning stages, and M-126 micropositioning stages.
PDF Adapting a Compact Confocal Microscope System to a Two-Photon Excitation Fluorescence Imaging Architecture (500 KB PDF file). Features P-721 PIFOC Objective Nano-Focus Devices
PDF Hexapod Advances Research in Biomechanical Dental Application
HTML A novel technique for characterizing elastic properties of thin biological membrane. Bing Feng Ju, Kuo-Kang Liu, Shih-Fu Ling and Woi Hong Ng, Center for Mechanics of Microsystems (CMMS), Singapore. Uses a precision linear actuator of the M-227 series.
Parallel Kinematics Positioning Systems (Hexapods, etc.)
HTML Low-Inertia Parallel-Kinematics Systems for Submicron
Alignment and Handling (on www.Parallemic.org) (HTML file)
Nano-Metrology, Semiconductors, Datatech
HTML Pattern Generation by Using Multistep Room-Temperature Nanoimprint Lithography IEEE Transactions on Nanotechnology, by Stefan Harrer, et al. Employs a PI multi-axis stage (for alignment) equipped with long-travel DC-Mike drives and nanometer resolution piezo actuators.
PDF NEXLINE® High Force, High Resolution, Long Travel Linear Actuators / Positioning Systems Featuring Picometer Resolution and Millimeters of Travel Novel, patented, ultra-precision linear drive combines long travel ranges (10's to 100's of mm) with fast response (100's of Hz), high force (to 600 N) and high resolution (<0.1 nm). Winner of SEMI Technology Innovation Showcase (TIS). (From SEMI Technology Innovation Showcase (TIS) 2005)
PDF IBM Interferometric Metrology Tool for Data Storage and Semiconductors employs custom PI long-range, multi-axis piezo nanopositioning stage. Paper courtesy Dr. G. Brasen and Dr. M. Löffler, IBM - E&TS - Mainz, Germany
PDF Interfacing Fast Nanopositioners to Track-Following Servos Leveraging the power of PI’s unique Fast/Precise Dual Interface for Head Test
PDF Repealing Moore’s Law: Trajectory-Control Advancements for Nanopositioning Subsystems (from Semicondutctor Fabtech, Issue 12, 2000)
PDF Advances in Sensors, Flexure Design and Digital Control significantly increase precision of PZT Nanopositioning Stages (500 KB PDF)
PDF New Technology Solves the Resolution/Speed Tradeoff
InputShaping eliminates the settling phase in data storage nanopositioning applications.
Article from Datatech, Issue 4, p. 155-159
Aerospace Engineering
PDF LISA Pathfinder Space Mission / NEXLINE® Piezo Linear Motor Actuator for Grabbing Positioning Release Mechanism(PDF)
HTML Fast Steering Mirror for European Space Organization
HTML A microgripper using piezoelectric actuation for micro-object manipulation-S.K. Naha and Z.W. Zhong School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore Using a P-842.40 PI Preloaded Low Voltage Piezo Actuator with PICMA high performance PZT ceramics in a flexure amplifier to achieve motion of 170 µm and very high precision.
PDF Control of a Particle-Laden Jet Using a PI High-Displacement
Piezo Actuator and High-Power Linear Amplifier (PDF)
HTML Fast Steering Mirror for European Space Organization
PDF Active Optical Alignment: Development of a Compact, High Load Piezo-Ceramic, Long-Travel, Linear Actuator with Picometer Resolution for Active Optical Alignment Applications.Paper presented at 2006 Astronomical Telescopes and Instrumentation (PDF)
PDF Life Time Tests for PICMA® Piezo Actuators at extremely low temperatures, in vacuum.
Photonics (Alignment)
Photonics (Alignment)
PDF High-Speed Photometer and Piezo Scanning Stages increase throughput in alignment, spectroscopy applications. Reprint from the July 2004 issue of Photonics Spectra.
PDF Integrating Real-Time Optical Metrology with high-throughput piezo motions (PDF). This technote features the PI F-130 / F-131 hybrid alignment engine, the CyberAligner™ software and the ultra-compact Small Planet Photonics power meter.
PDF Microrobotic Packaging Automation of Collimated Photonic Devices
(6 DOF Hexapod Alignment System) (600 KB PDF)
PDF Microrobotics Speeds Waveguide Production, Improves Quality
(600 KB PDF)
PDF CyberAligner™ Modular OEM Alignment Workstation
A cost-effective solution for photonics production and testing. (500 KB PDF)